AES Technical Committee

Automotive Audio

Chair:    Richard S Stroud      Send Email
Vice Chair:    Alfred Svobodnik      Send Email

The Mission of this committee is to:

- Encourage the development of technical papers workshops, tutorials, master classes and poster sessions in the field of automotive audio

- Promote awareness of new trends and developments that may impact Automotive audio

- Encourage technical communications within the vehicular audio community

- Propose the development of new automotive audio standards

- Create an awareness within the larger audio community of the engineering challenges and excellence of premium vehicular audio

- Discuss unique applications of audio transducers into the automotive environment

Areas of Concentration

- Automotive Transducers

- Vehicular System Design

- Objective System Evaluation

- Subjective System Evaluation

- New Audio Sources and Music Delivery Systems

- Automotive Mulitchannel Sound and 3D

- Noise production and cancellation

- Amplifiers

- Loudness

- Advanced DSP

- Industrial Design

- Loudspeaker Integration/Packaging

- Vehicle Sound Design

- Sound Field Control

Current Areas Of Work

- Max SPL

- Automotive loudspeaker measurements

- Common best practice

Recent/Planned Activities

Latest Activities:

139th AES Convention in New York City: Meeting of the AES Technical Committee for Automotive Audio.

Automotive Audio Trends

1. Vehicles with built-in Internet capability (via high speed phone connection, etc.) could present numerous music and talk selections at higher quality than most other data-reduced sources. At least one OEM is working on personal audio to allow people to have the same data & source material they have at home in the car. Connectivity may be based on the user's mobile phone. Some OEM's are considering using a dedicated server to control quality.

The current mobile phone system would be burdened to near unusablilty by a high percentage of customers using a large number of music channels, so minimizing station selection, data reduction and speeds beyond 4G will likely be necessary. This is especially true in urban areas at current cell tower density levels.

There is, however, a growing number of people that are using this kind of service with little difficulty. The though that this will replace FM, AM, Satellite and CD has occurred to some persons and others see this is unlikely and at least premature.

An Update: A recent survey of 1036 adults indicates still a strong preference for AM/FM and CD music sources. USB and other removable or portable sources are becoming important source of music.

Vehicles with built-in wireless routers are now being offered to occupants that likely means listening to music over headphones via phones or tablets.

2. Premium receivers are beginning to appear that do not include CD players. Increasingly larger USB drives are becoming a primary music storage medium, along with bluetooth-connected smart phones with their often large music libraries.

3. There is an interest in providing sounds for very quiet cars such as electric vehicles. These include "engine start" and "engine running" sounds for inside the vehicle and pedestrian safety sounds for outside the vehicle. This was a major discussion topic at the Munich AA Conference.

4. SSD's are replacing mechanical hard drives as preferred storage when cost permits.

5. Objective measurement is still battling subjective listening tests as a final authority for OEMs. SPL vs. distortion measurements are quite good now, and directionally correct frequency response measurements are improving. Spatial measurement capability has been developed and evaluated.

6. Trends towards higher performance audio systems is in direct conflict with recent trends of cost and weight reduction of components in automobiles. Increased application of neodymium magnets may help.

7. Neodymium metal costs are still high and are variable. As of this past May, price of Neodymium Metal is $87/kg US. It is still risky for a supplier to quote neodymium speakers because of price variability.

With high neo prices, speaker customers need a strong set of specifications to insure that suppliers maintain speaker sensitivity and Xmax.

8. Planar style speakers are now found in vehicles. These are not totally flat, but have profiles of 10 mm or less. Some examples have shown very low sensitivity.

9. HD radio components are now for sale. In the US, AM HD radio offers much higher fidelity and FM HD offers additional program sources. Because of the fidelity difference on AM, rapid switching in fringe areas must be carefully managed. Spectral compression artifacts are mentioned with HD AM.

10. "Surround sound" is almost mandatory in high-end automotive systems, even when the source is limited to two-channel (via upmix algorithms). Some listeners sense that some surround systems provide limited envelopment on both stereo and most "surround" source material.

11. There is almost universal branding of audio systems in luxury cars. Newer brands are emerging. The maximum number of speakers used in luxury vehicle systems seems to be leveling out at 18 ± 2. An exception to this is a 34-speaker system soon to be released.

12. Voice recognition systems for telephone and navigation functions are now quite sophisticated and enjoy wide application.

13. Active noise cancellation by the audio system is being used for exhaust drone under condition of cylinder deactivation.

14. Active road noise bass and/or level compensation now enjoy a widespread market presence. Basic versions are available in many OEM head units while some high-end premium systems have more sophisticated implementations.

Simple systems use the speedometer signal to apply predefined loudness curves. Others use microphones to measure the current cabin noise, after separating the music, allowing more targeted equalization or bass/level compression to be applied.

15. Switching audio is now common in automotive amplifiers. Switching audio cost are becoming comparable with older AB amplifiers, as the heat sink requirement is minimized. Important for electric vehicles is the low current draw under most all audio power output conditions.

16. Aftermarket audio now represents a very small part of the automotive audio market. OEM head unit and speaker reliability is comparatively good, and performance of OEM systems is often quite good enough for most listeners.

17. Rear seat audio performance may be important in China and other countries, as some who can afford automobiles can also afford drivers.

18. There are still parts of the world where 5.1 and high-level premium audio are not featured in most vehicle's audio lineups. These systems can take advantage of inexpensive, powerful audio DSP systems to improve performance.

19. Audio system designers are frustrated by performance differences between concept vehicles and production implementations. Reasons for differences include sealing issues, material changes, structure differences, etc. Even 1-2 dB differences in side to side acoustic balance can degrade spatial performance.

Strategies to address this issue include tightening specification, but this is unlikely to completely solve this problem. Post-manufacturing re-equalization could also help, if a good way to do this can be found. This issue was discussed in Munich.

20. Modern surround sound encoding algorithms use metadata to send 5.1 information in about the same bandwidth as stereo information. Offerings include Dolby Digital Plus, DTS Neural Surround and MPEG Surround (MPEG-2 TS. I think), This could kindle more interest in surround sound. One hopes that surround offerings become somewhat standardized, but production standards may not exist.

AES AA Conference

Likely to be held in 2017. More info coming soon.

Meeting Report:

These documents do not necessarily express the official position of the AES on the issues discussed at these meetings, and only represent the views of committee members participating in the discussion. Any unauthorized use of these publications is prohibited. Authorization must be obtained from the Executive Director of the AES: Email, Tel: +1 212 661 8528, Address: 551 Fifth Ave., Suite 1225, New York, New York 10176, USA.

2005-5-23     Meeting Minutes AATC 117th
Description: Technical Committee Meeting on Automotive Audio 28 Oct 2004

2004-6-22     Minutes of Automotive Audio TC, 116th
Description: This document contains minutes of the Automotive Audio Technical Committee meeting at the 116th Convention in Berlin.

2004-4-17     Minutes of Automotive Audio TC, 115th
Description: Minutes of the 115th Automotive Audio Technical Committee in New York

Committee Members

 Robert Schulein  Richard Small  David Clark 
 Laurie Fincham  W.A. Deutsch  Marshall Buck 
 Jim Hunter  Peter Mapp  Earl Geddes 
 Floyd Toole  Eric Benjamin  Allan Phillips 
 Jonathan Lane  Matt Ruhlen  Martin Lindsay 
 John Stewart  Soren Bech  Mark Ziemba 
 Kim Rishoej  Spiro Iraclianos  Sean Olive 
 David Carlstrom  Tim Nind  Karlheinz Brandenburg 
 Jim Stratman  Thomas Gmeiner  Jayant Datta 
 Roger Shively  Ed Maniet  Todd Welti 
 Steve Hutt  Roy Delgado  Ruediger Fleischer 
 Tom Conlin  Scott Orth  Kevin Heber 
 Jyri Huopaniemi  Guy A. Torio  Thomas Sporer 
 Robert Sloan  Angelo Farina  Arndt Hensgens 
 Matthew Watson  Jan Pedersen  Michael Cozza 
 Sean Thomson  Brett Hanes  John Busenitz 
 Wolfgang Klippel  Mike Harris  David Dage 
 Kevin Bastyr  Ryan Mihelich  Natanya Ford 
 Emanuele Ugolotti  Dave Baehr  Tyrone Hunter 
 Geoff Hill  Garry Feeley  Brian Sterling 
 Michael Noll  Hans Lahti  Michael Truman 
 Timo Esser  Michael J. Strauss  Phil May 
 Robert Franks  Wolfgang Hess  Richard S Stroud 
 Christian Tasch  William L Martens  Kenneth Deetz 
 Hans-Juergen Nitzpon  Dave Wilson  Robert Hartman 
 Christof Faller  John Yungman  Bradley Eid 
 Tim Richardson  Alan Trevena  Wontak Kim 
 Stel Anthony  Kelvin Griffiths  Jean-Philippe Dupire 
 Shinji Koyano  Krestian Pedersen  Doug Hunley 
 Toby Newman  Viv Railton  George Weaver 
 Kristina Busenitz  Philipp Krejci  Matthias von Saint-George 
 Morten Lydolf  Jon Zenor  Phil Simpkins 
 Josh King  Brent Karley  Volker Hochwald 
 Jason Kemmerer  Brian Knauss  Roger Kessler 
 Tobias Warmbrunn  Soonkwon Paik  Phil Muzio 
 Tom Ammermann  Jay Krusac  Timothy Jackson 
 Jeff Koch  Jonathan Pierce  Mae Nutley 
 Vitor Soares  Tyler Walker  Peter Primo 
 Peter Perzlmaier  Matt Jones  Armin Hoh 
 Niyati Desai  Patrick James Hegarty  Christopher Matthews 
 Pat Dennis  Daniel Foley  Tadeo Spraggon-Hernandez 
 Stefan Varga  Luke Blaszczynski  Christophe Macours 
 Armin Prommersberger  Shinichi Sato  Pietro Massini 
 Stefan Holzhäuser  Hans Juergen Regl  Alfred Svobodnik 
 Chen Chienhao  Rafael Kassier  Paul Beckmann 
 Florian Rill  Piergiovanni Bazzana  Jeff Tackett 
 Benedetto Altieri  Thomas Beer  Arnold Knott 
 Toni Treichel  Sachin Karajagi  Tom Morrow 
 Kai Inha  Toy Zhang  Fré Jorritsma 
 Lena Schell-Majoor  Jakub Honkisz  Garrett Laskowski 
 Martin Berg  Michael Adenauer  Peter Pörs 
 Wolfram Jaehn  Tom Heed  Shinkyu Kang 
 Hebert Etzel  Seno Adi Wibowo  Marcus Koch 
 Sandra Brix  Glenn Cass  Jungwoo Han 
 Steffen Bergweiler  Todd Rockwell  Stefan Behr 
 Simon Woolard  Michael Strauss  Juliano Medeiros 
 Tom Breithaupt  Stefan Irrgang  Dave Ernst 
 Christian Schmidberger  Nazrizal A. Tajuddin  Adrian Cartllidge 
 David Navone  Jeff Bailey  Mo Yeol Kim 
 Siegmund Schreiber  Christopher Herold  Frederico Conte 
 K. C. Furge  Patrick Putzolu  Deersheet Mehta 
 Steve Swanson  john Feng  Ken Kantor 
 Gregor Höhne  Andreas Suess  Rishi Daftuar 
 Dirk Thomschke  Joe D'Angelo  Markus Christoph 
 Reinhard Gretzki  Jonathan Christian  Mark Kalman 
 Oliver Alic  Edgar Kirk  Jurgen Gach 
 Neil Pedinoff  Carsten Schulz  Marco Castro 
 Nigel Fletcher  Andreas Fritsch  Robert Hewitt 
 Richard Clark  Imre Csonka  Kyangsil Lim 
 Stan Smith  Leonard Kreitmeier  Steve Hoshaw 
 Raymond Seymour  Lin Lin  Gerhard Pfaffinger 
 Jung Uk Noh  Thomas Bachmann  Bernard Fox 
 Brian Leu  Barry Moskowitz  Gregory Sikora 
 Thomas Guignard  Bartlomiej Kukulski  Francesco Baccelli 

To request membership in this Technical Committee please email the Chair by using the link above.

AES - Audio Engineering Society