To Window or Not To Window
aye, there's the rub!
James J (JJ Johnston) - AES and IEEE Fellow
Bob Smith - AES PNW Section
The Pacific Northwest Section of the AES
Tuesday, January 30th, 2018, 7:30pm
Digipen Institute of Technology, Redmond Washington
Directions to Digipen Institute of Technology
Our January meeting will deal with the matter of windowing in FFT analysis.
Mr. Johnston will explain why windowing exists in FFT analysis, and then show the properties of a few windows, as well as mention when a window might not
be the right tool. The talk will be primarily powerpoint, with rather a lot of graphs showing what happens when you do and don't window,
why it's usually a good idea, and when it's actually not such a good idea.
Bob Smith will add clarity by discussing the practical effects of window choices on audio measurements. He will demonstrate these concepts via several live amplifier measurements.
James D. (JJ) Johnston
received the BSEE and MSEE degrees from Carnegie-Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA in
1975 and 1976 respectively.
JJ temporarily retired in 2002 but worked 26 years for AT&T Bell Labs and its successor AT&T
Labs Research. He was one of the first investigators in the field of perceptual audio coding, one
of the inventors and standardizers of MPEG 1/2 audio Layer 3 and MPEG-2 AAC, as well as the
AT&T Bell Labs or AT&T Labs-Research PXFM (perceptual transform coding) and PAC
(perceptual audio coding) and the ASPEC algorithm that provided the best audio quality in the
MPEG-1 audio tests.
Most recently he has been working in the area of auditory perception of soundfields, electronic
soundfield correction, ways to capture soundfield cues and represent them, and ways to expand
the limited sense of realism available in standard audio playback for both captured and synthetic
performances. He was most recently employed by DTS Audio and his current status is retired.
Mr. Johnston is an IEEE Fellow, an AES Fellow, a NJ Inventor of the Year, an AT&T Technical
Medalist and Standards Awardee, and a co-recipient of the IEEE Donald Fink Paper Award. Mr.
Johnston has presented many times for the PNW Section, most recently on the issues
surrounding "Dynamic Range." In 2006, he received the James L. Flanagan Signal Processing
Award from the IEEE Signal Processing Society, and presented the 2012 Heyser Lecture at the
AES 133rd Convention: Audio, Radio, Acoustics and Signal Processing: the Way Forward.
has a BSEE from the University of Washington and has worked in the Biomedical industry for over 45 years. The last 20+ years he has spent developing
acoustic research and audio engineering disciplines for Stryker / Physio Control (formerly Medtronic / Physio Control) to improve speech intelligibility for medical device voice prompting and
voice recording systems in noisy environments. He is responsible for voice prompting in 30+ languages. The department now handles acoustic measurements of
components such as drivers, microphone capsules and system measurements including Thiele-Small parameters, polar plots, waterfalls, frequency response, impulse
response, several speech intelligibility methods, etc. When he's not playing acoustic/audio monkey for his corporate master, he runs an acoustic lab, SoundSmith Labs.
From time to time, he can also be found recording local musical talents. Currently he is comparing several hardware and
software acoustic / audio measurement systems to assess how much they vary and to the degree they converge on similar results. noise assessments and their effect
on speech intelligibility.