Modeling the External Ear Acoustics for Insert Headphone Usage
The acoustic behavior of earphones that are inserted into the ear canal is difficult to determine because it requires observing the sound pressure at the eardrum. Insert earphones occlude the ear canal, which cancels the normal influence of concha, pinna, head, and shoulders. In addition, the tone color of inserted earphones depends on the acoustic impedance of the eardrum and the leakage of earphone fitting. These results are relevant for designing insert earphones that are to be used in binaural and auralization situations.
Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the AES Journal then you can look for this paper in the institutional version of the Online Journal. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $20 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.