AES Journal

Journal of the AES

2010 April - Volume 58 Number 4


EW-PESQ: A Quality Assessment Method for Speech Signals Sampled at 48 kHz


In order to broaden the utility of objective methods for perceptual evaluation of ultrawide-band (sampled at 48 kHz) speech, two extensions to the W-PESQ standard are proposed. In one approach the psychoacoustic model of W-PESQ is expanded to cover higher frequencies by means of data extrapolation. In the alternative method the psychoacoustic model is replaced with that of PEAQ. A performance analysis of both methods reveals that their predictions strongly correlate with measured mean opinion scores (MOS), bearing a cross-correlation coefficient around 97%. Tests used speech signals corrupted with white and broad-band environmental noises.

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Modeling the External Ear Acoustics for Insert Headphone Usage


The acoustic behavior of earphones that are inserted into the ear canal is difficult to determine because it requires observing the sound pressure at the eardrum. Insert earphones occlude the ear canal, which cancels the normal influence of concha, pinna, head, and shoulders. In addition, the tone color of inserted earphones depends on the acoustic impedance of the eardrum and the leakage of earphone fitting. These results are relevant for designing insert earphones that are to be used in binaural and auralization situations.

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Holographic Design of a Source Array Achieving a Desired Sound Field


For reproducing complex sound fields the process should take into account the desired sound field, the design of the source transducer, and the acoustics of the environment. In this work a source array is designed to achieve enhanced performance utilizing the acoustic holography technique based on the inverse boundary-element method. Because the proposed method deals with the near-field condition, it is relevant to small listening spaces, which exhibit a mixed combination of near, far, and reverberant fields. In a test example, the target sound field was successfully obtained by both simulation and measurement.

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Engineering Reports

Mechanical Characterization and Parametric Study of a Miniature Capacitor Microphone


A study of a miniature capacitor microphone compared three results: simulation based on physical parameters in an equivalent circuit model, measurements made in an anechoic chamber, and the manufacturer’s data sheets. The simulation was in good agreement with measurements and published data. The circuit model was also used in a parametric study to explore parameter sensitivity. Investigations included microphone stiffness, cover opening diameter, as well as the thickness of the annular ring, diaphragm, air gap, backplate, and holder.

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Letters To The Editor

Comments on “Estimating the Velocity Profile and Acoustical Quantities of a Harmonically Vibrating Loudspeaker Membrane from On-Axis Pressure Data”


Letter to the Editor

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Authors’ Reply

Authors: Ronald M. Aarts and Augustus J. E. M. Janssen

Page: 308

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Standards and Information Documents

AES Standards Committee News

Page: 312

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38th Conference Preview, Piteå

Page: 314

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38th Conference Program

Page: 317

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39th Conference Preview, Hillerød

Page: 324

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39th Conference Program

Page: 327

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The Art and Business of Game Audio


The latest developments in the field of game audio and music composition were discussed in a series of workshops held at the AES 127th Convention in New York. Approaches to making more dramatic music and sound effects were discussed by experts from different parts of the game audio industry. Considerable attention was also paid to the issue of interactive music creation, whereby some 60–90 minutes of music has to be made to serve for perhaps tens of hours of interesting game play, using layers and dynamic mixing techniques. The composer’s task is made more difficult by the limited availability of information and examples about the game for which he may have to write appropriate music, which leads to a need for greater involvement in the team process of game creation.

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News of the Sections

Page: 336

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Sound Track

Page: 342

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Upcoming Meetings

Page: 342

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New Products and Developments

Page: 343

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Membership Information

Page: 344

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Advertiser Internet Directory

Page: 345

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In Memoriam

Page: 351

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Sections Contacts Directory

Page: 352

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AES Conventions and Conferences

Page: 360

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Table of Contents

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Cover & Sustaining Members List

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AES Officers, Committees, Offices & Journal Staff

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AES - Audio Engineering Society