AES E-Library

AES E-Library

Orchestra: A Toolbox for Live Music Performances in a Web-Based Metaverse

Document Thumbnail

As the potential of networked multiuser virtual environments increases under the concept of the metaverse, so do the interest and artistic possibilities of using them for live music performances. Live performances in online metaverse environments offer an easy and environmentally friendly way to bring together artists and audiences from all over the world. Virtualization also enables countless possibilities for designing and creating artistic experiences and new performance practices. For many years, live performances have been established on various virtual platforms, which differ significantly in terms of possible performance practices, user interaction, immersion, and usability. With Orchestra, we are developing an open-source toolbox that uses the Web Audio Application Programming Interface to realize live performances with various performance practices for web-based metaverse environments. Possibilities vary from live streaming of volumetric audio and video, live coding in multiple (including audiovisual) programming languages, to performing with generative algorithms or virtual instruments developed in PureData. These can be combined in various ways and also be used for telematic/networked music ensembles, interactive virtual installations, or novel performance concepts. In this paper, we describe the development and scope of the Orchestra toolbox, as well as use cases that illustrate the artistic possibilities.

Open Access


JAES Volume 71 Issue 11 pp. 802-812; November 2023
Publication Date:

Download Now (693 KB)

This paper is Open Access which means you can download it for free.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:


Start a discussion about this paper!

AES - Audio Engineering Society