Artists and composers have explored the potential of mobile phones to enable audience interaction in live music concerts for the last two decades.However, studies of the compositional process and the systems' use by audience members remain scarce. This paper presents the design of three interactive modes for audience participation that invite audience members to influence both musical parameters and stage lighting of an electronic live music performance. Analysis of log data from the concert reveals users' interaction preferences and suggests five different types of participatory user behaviors, which are supported by results of a postconcert questionnaire. Finally, the paper considers design aspects for audience participation and proposes ideas for future implementations of distributed music systems.
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