AES E-Library

AES E-Library

A Pilot Study on Tone-Dependent Directivity Patterns of Musical Instruments

Musical instruments are complex sources that radiate sound with directivity patterns that are not only frequency dependent, but can also change as a function of the tone played. Using a publicly available musical instrument directivity database, this paper analyzes the tone-specific directivity patterns of three instruments and compares them to their averaged directivities. A further listening test is conducted to determine whether differences between auralizations using averaged directivities and tone-specific directivities are audible under anechoic conditions. The results show that the differences are audible for woodwind and string instruments, and less noticeable for brass instruments.

Open Access


AES Conference:
Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Download Now (996 KB)

This paper is Open Access which means you can download it for free.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

AES - Audio Engineering Society