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Headphone Technology: Hear-Through, Bone Conduction, and Noise Canceling

[Feature] For augmented or assistive listening situations there is a compromise to be struck between hearing natural sounds from the environment and hearing reproduced sounds. Ideally the hear-through sound quality would be the same as if one was not wearing headphones. Bone conduction is another way of getting sounds into the head, and one that might be usable for spatializing information as part of a hybrid information display. It may be possible to adapt measurement methods intended for active noise canceling ear defenders to consumer ANC applications. One may be able to predict the degree of listening effort needed to hear speech through such headphones when noise is present.

JAES Volume 67 Issue 11 pp. 914-919; November 2019
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AES - Audio Engineering Society