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An HRTF Based Approach towards Binaural Sound Source Localization

With the evolution of smart headphones, hearables, and hearing aids there is a need for technologies to improve situational awareness. The device needs to constantly monitor the real world events and cue the listener to stay aware of the outside world. In this paper we develop a technique to identify the exact location of the dominant sound source using the unique spectral and temporal features listener’s head-related transfer functions (HRTFs). Unlike most state-of-the-art beamforming technologies, this method localizes the sound source using just two microphones thereby reducing the cost and complexity of this technology. An experimental framework is setup at the EmbodyVR anechoic chamber, and hearing aid recordings are carried out for several different trajectories, SNRs, and turn-rates. Results indicate that the source localization algorithms perform well for dynamic moving sources for different SNR levels.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society