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Using Volterra Series Modeling Techniques to Classify Black-Box Audio Effects

Digital models of various audio devices are useful for simulating audio processing effects, but developing good models of nonlinear systems can be challenging. This paper reports on the in-progress work of determining attributes of black-box audio devices using Volterra series modeling techniques. In general, modeling an audio effect requires determination of whether the system is linear or nonlinear, time-invariant or –variant, and whether it has memory. For nonlinear systems, we must determine the degree of nonlinearity of the system, and the required parameters of a suitable model. We explain our work in making educated guesses about the order of nonlinearity in a memoryless system and then discuss the extension to nonlinear systems with memory.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society