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Realizing an Acoustic Vector Network Analyzer

Acoustic absorption, reflection, and transmission is typically measured using an impedance tube. We present the design and initial measurements of a radically different measurement system. The instrument builds on the rich history and deep mathematics developed in pursuit of electromagnetic Vector-corrected Network Analyzers (VNAs). Using acoustic directional couplers and a traditional VNA mainframe we assembled an “Acoustic Vector Network Analyzer” (AVNA). The instrument measures acoustic scattering parameters, the complex reflection and transmission coefficients, of materials, transmission lines, ported structures, ducts, etc. After the fashion of electromagnetic VNAs we have constructed millimeter-wave measurement heads that span the 800 Hz–2200 Hz (420–150 mm) and 10 kHz–22 kHz (35–15 mm) bands, demonstrating scalability. We present initial measurement results.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society