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Shotgun Microphone with High Directivity by Extra-Long Acoustic Tube and Digital Noise Reduction

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A prototype of a shotgun microphone having higher directivity than a conventional microphone has been developed to capture target sounds clearly. The shotgun microphone has a structure in which an acoustic tube is attached on a directional microphone capsule. The directivity pattern is formed by adjusting an acoustic resistor attached to orifices along the length of the tube. The prototype we developed has a 1-m long acoustic tube designed on the basis of a numerical calculation. It also includes additional microphone capsules and a digital signal processing circuit that reduce undesired acoustical signals arriving from directions other than the front. Measurements show that the developed shotgun microphone prototype achieves even higher directivity than conventional shotgun microphones.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society