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A Low-Cost, High-Quality MEMS Ambisonic Microphone

While public interest for technologies that produce and deliver immersive VR content has been growing the price point for these tools has remained relatively high. This paper presents a low-cost, high-quality first-order ambisonics (FOA) microphone based on low-noise microelectromechanical systems (MEMS). This paper details the design, fabrication, and testing of a MEMS FOA microphone including its frequency and directivity response. To facilitate high resolution directivity response measurements a low-cost, automatic rotating microphone mount using an Arduino was designed. The automatic control of this platform was integrated into an in-house acoustic measurement library built in MATLAB allowing the user to generate polar plots at resolutions down to 1.8°. Subjective assessments compared the FOA mic prototype to commercially available FOA solutions at higher price points.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society