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Accurate Extraction of Dominant Reflections from Measured Sound Intensity Responses in a Room

The intensity responses in three orthogonal directions, which are calculated from measured impulse responses, include information of dominant reflections in 4-pi space. This information is important for restoration of a sound field, e.g., a spatial reverberator. A method of extracting significant reflections from instantaneous intensities or their envelopes is, therefore, the key application element. To improve the accuracy of detecting reflections, the authors have introduced a new strategy, named “speed detection,” which calculates the moving speed of instantaneous intensities at every sampled time. If the speed is lower than an assumed threshold, these intensities indicate reflections. On the contrary, faster speeds indicate the residual transient components of intensities. This “speed detection” is verified with the measured data of several experiments.

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