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Comparison of HRTFs from a Dummy-Head Equipped with Hair, Cap, and Glasses in a Virtual Audio Listening Task over Equalized Headphones

Head-Related Transfer Functions (HRTFs) are frequently used in virtual audio scene rendering in order to simulate sound sources at different spatial locations. The use of dummy-head HRTFs (also referred as generic sets) is often criticized because of poor localization performance, leading to, e.g., lower spatial resolution, in-the-head localization, front-back reversals, etc. This paper presents results of horizontal plane localization obtained by digital filter representations of dummy-head HRTFs that were recorded normally and using additional cap, glasses, and hair on the head. Results of untrained subjects over equalized reference headphones showed no significant difference among the HRTF sets despite of large magnitude differences. This method for customization of generic HRTFs fails if improvement in localization is needed.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society