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Position Dependence of Fractional Derivative Models for Loudspeaker Voice Coils with Lossy Inductance

Commonly used models of moving-coil loudspeaker voice coils, which include effects from eddy current losses, are either inaccurate or contain an abundance of parameters and are difficult to extend to the nonlinear domain. On the contrary, fractional derivative models accurately describe the frequency and position dependence of the lossy inductance, with meaningful connections to the underlying physics, while keeping the number of parameters low. These fractional derivatives are also compatible with state-space polynomial methods of modeling nonlinear behavior. It is shown that the fractional order derivative approaches a value of 1, corresponding to an ideal inductance, when the voice coil is completely outside the magnetic system. Finally, the developed model reveals details about the effect of conductive voice coil formers.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society