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An Analytical Approach for Optimizing the Curving of Line Source Arrays

Line source arrays (LSAs) are used for large-scale sound reinforcement aiming at the synthesis of homogeneous sound fields for the whole audio bandwidth. The deployed loudspeaker cabinets are rigged with different tilt angles and/or electronically controlled in order to provide the intended coverage of the audience zones and to avoid radiation towards the ceiling, reflective walls or residential areas. This contribution introduces the analytical polygonal audience line curving (PALC) approach for finding appropriate LSA cabinet tilt angles with respect to the geometry of the receiver area, and the intended coverage. PALC can be previously applied to a numerical optimization of the loudspeakers’ driving functions. The method can be used with different objectives, such as a constant interaction between adjacent cabinets with respect to the receiver geometry or by additionally considering amplitude attenuation. PALC is compared with typical standard LSA curving schemes. The advantages of the presented approach regarding sound field homogeneity and target-oriented radiation will be shown with the help of technical quality measures.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society