AES E-Library

AES E-Library

Detection and Removal of the Birdies Artifact in Low Bit-Rate Audio

Audio signals compressed at low bit rates are known to generate audible artifacts that degrade perceptual quality. These different artifacts have been documented and solutions have been proposed by many authors to modify the internal mechanisms of codecs that cause these artifacts. In this paper we propose a post-processing approach to detecting and removing the birdies artifact by modeling spectral components as partials. This approach has the advantage of being compatible with any codec as it only requires the compressed signal. Formal listening tests have shown that this prototype algorithm can increase the perceptual quality of birdies-ridden signals. Furthermore, the explicit detection of this artifact could eventually be used in an objective perceptual quality assessment algorithm.

AES Convention: Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

AES - Audio Engineering Society