The physical origins of microphone wind noise is discussed and measured. The measured noise levels are shown to correlate well to theoretical estimates of non-propagating local fluid dynamic turbulence pressure variations called “convective pressure.” The free stream convective pressure fluctuations may already be present in a flow independent of its interactions with a device housing a microphone. Consequently, wind noise testing should be made in turbulent air flows rather than laminar. A metric based on the Speech Intelligibility Index (SII) is proposed for characterizing wind noise effects for devices primarily designed to work with speech signals, making it possible to evaluate nonlinear processing effects on reducing wind noise on microphones.
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