The acoustical design of two circumaural headphones and a desktop computer speaker have been studied by measuring the acoustical impedance of the various components in their design. The impedances were then used to build an equivalent circuit model for the devices that then predicted their pressure response. There was seen to be good correlation between the model and measurements. The impedance provides unique insight into the acoustic design that is not observed though electrical impedance or pressure response measurements that are commonly relied upon when designing such devices. By building models for each impedance structure, it is possible to obtain an accurate model of the whole system where the effects of each component upon the device's overall performance can be seen.
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