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In Situ Measurements of Acoustic Absorption Coefficients Using the Surface Pressure Method

This paper revisits a method for determining the acoustic reflection factor by use of two pressure measurements: one at a surface under study and the other at a rigid surface in the same location of a room. The rigid surface is approximated in situ by placing a steel sheet in front of the surface under study. Measurements are made with and without the sheet at the same location. The ratio of these measurements is used to determine the acoustic reflection factor of the surface. The principle and limitations of this method are discussed, and experimental results will be given for a rigid surface, a resonant surface, and an absorptive surface, measured in different environments.

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