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Improving Spherical Microphone Arrays

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Spherical microphone arrays are useful or numerous applications, such as spatial audio capture and beamforming. However, these sensor arrays are known to have a limited frequency range, due to poor directivity at low frequencies and spatial aliasing at high frequencies. In this paper, we study two methods aiming at enhancing the frequency range of spherical microphone arrays without using more sensors. First, the benefit of locating the sensors at the end of cavities within the sphere is assessed through measurements and simulations. Second, we study the influence of using large membrane microphones. Finally, results show that the frequency range could be increased in both cases studied.

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