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A Graphical Language for Composing and Playing Sounds and Music

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Speech sounds can be represented by graphical functions of time specifying formants. A generalization of this graphical representation to other sounds and music is described. Graphical functions of time are used to represent pitch, loudness, and duration. Functions can be drawn with a light pen and oscilloscope. Computer sounds can be synthesized directly from the drawn functions.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society