AES Store

Journal Forum

Reflecting on Reflections - June 2014
1 comment

Quiet Thoughts on a Deafening Problem - May 2014
1 comment

Perceptual Effects of Dynamic Range Compression in Popular Music Recordings - January 2014
5 comments

Access Journal Forum

AES E-Library

On the Measurement of Rumble in Phonograph Reproduction

In this paper the nature of turntable rumble is analyzed, with the object of evolving a method for rating the performance quality of turntables with respect to rumble. Spectral distribution of rumble of a typical turntable is shown, identifying the effect of resonances of the pickup arm. Audibility characteristics of rumble are reviewed, in the light of the equal loudness contour characteristics of the ear and the typical noise in the room. A weighting network of 6 dB per octave below 500 Hz with 12 dB attenuation above 500 Hz is suggested. Several possible methods of converting the spectral response of rumble into a number corresponding to a relative loudness level are considered. It is concluded that probably the best method, from the practical standpoint, is the measurement of the rms voltage level of rumble through the weighting network, relative to the level of 1000 Hz 5 cm/sec rms standard tone, (without the network). The resulting number, in dB is called the Relative Tumble Loudness Level (RRLL).

Author:
Affiliation:
AES Convention: Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $20 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!


 
Facebook   Twitter   LinkedIn   Google+   YouTube   RSS News Feeds  
AES - Audio Engineering Society