Combined audio-visual services are expected to become a feature of the next generation of telecommunication systems. Current systems apply individual perceptually motivated data reduction to the audio and video. A system which applies perceptually motivated data reduction to the combined audio-visual content may provide greater data reduction, whilst maintaining high quality service over low bit-rate transmission media. To be able to design such bimodal codecs, and optimize overall performance, (through the use of low bit-rate codecs),it is important to understand the trade-offs between the quality of the audio and the video. This paper compares the results of a complimentary pair of subjective experiments designed to investigate the differences between visual speech and non-visual speech quality perception and quality mismatch. Conclusions are drawn about the variation in cross-modal interaction, and particularly speech quality perception, for different audio-visual content. The results obtained will be used in the design of a bi-model perceptual model.
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