AES E-Library

AES E-Library

Approaches to Binaural Synthesis

Document Thumbnail

This paper addresses binaural synthesis and mixing algorithms for 3-D audio rendering of multiple sound sources over headphones or loudspeakers. Efficient strategies are discussed, whereby directional panning and mixing are accomplished in an intermediate multichannel format, while the binaural synthesis filters are direction-independent and can be applied after mixing (post-filtering) or off-line on the source signals (pre-filtering). A "binaural B format" is proposed and its application to mixing, recording and reproduction over headphones or two or more loudspeakers are reviewed.

AES Convention: Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

AES - Audio Engineering Society