AES E-Library

AES E-Library

The Complex Modulation Transfer Function of Duffing's Equation

Document Thumbnail

Duffing's equation describes the dynamic behavior of a mildly compressive (soft-clipping) second-order system. It is applicable to a wide variety of practical devices such as, for example, power amplifiers, limiters, transducers, magnetic tape, and photographic film, as well as certain perceptual mechanisms in hearing and vision. The complex modulation transfer function is a means to define a frequency response for such systems at a certain level of compression. In photography, it predicts the resolution at a given contrast.

AES Convention: Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

AES - Audio Engineering Society