AES E-Library

AES E-Library

Intensities of Orchestral Instrument Scales Played at Prescribed Dynamic Markings

Document Thumbnail

The intensities of scales played on nonpercussive orchestral instruments at various dynamic markings and the resulting dynamic ranges are reported. We are able to deduce the size quanta corresponding to one step in a dynamic marking and the number of quanta in the dynamic range of a musical instrument using deviations from smoothed curves. The average dynamic range of the nonpercussive orchestral instruments in about 11 db between the dynamic marking of pianissimo and fortissimo; the average intensity at 10 meters is about 59 db re 0.0002 dynes/cm2.

AES Convention: Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

AES - Audio Engineering Society