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Vertical Modulation Angles of Commercial Stereo Phonograph Records

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An objective in phonograph playback is to match the vertical tracking angle of the phonograph cartridge to the recorded vertical modulation angle of the recording being played. A survey was undertaken to determine the recorded vertical modulation angles of commercially mastered test pressings were analyzed. The results of this survey are reported and discussed.

JAES Volume 32 Issue 3 pp. 138-143; March 1984
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AES - Audio Engineering Society