Microphones have many characteristics that are critical parameters affecting their successful usage. Frequency response and sensitivity are the most commonly specified characteristics, but there are many more factors that could be specified and indeed must be controlled to permit a manufacturer to make a usable microphone. A number of these characteristics are described and measurement techniques as used by Shure Brothers Incorporated are discussed. Items included are frequency response, sensitivity, polar pattern, wind and pop noise, structure-borne noise, distortion, electrical noise, and others.
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