Loudspeaker horns, waveguides, and other ducts can be simulated by general numerical methods, like the Finite Element or Boundary Element Methods (FEM or BEM), or by a method using a modal description of the sound field, called the Mode Matching Method (MMM). BEM and FEM can describe a general geometry but are often computationally expensive. MMM, on the other hand, is fast, easily scalable, requires no mesh generation and little memory but can only be applied to a limited set of geometries. This paper shows how BEM and MMM can be combined in order to efficiently simulate horns where part of the horn must be described by a general meshed geometry. Both BEM-MMM and MMM-BEM couplings are described, and examples given.
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