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Flexible Acoustic Transducer from Dielectric-Compound Elastomer Film

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To increase the sound pressure level of a flexible acoustic transducer from a dielectric elastomer film, this paper proposes compounding various kinds of dielectrics into a polyurethane elastomer, which is the base material of the transducer. The studied dielectric elastomer film utilizes a change in side length derived from the electrostriction for sound generation. The proposed method was conceived from the fact that the amount of dimensional change depends on the relative dielectric constant of the elastomer. Acoustical measurements demonstrated that the proposed method was effective because the sound pressure level increased by 6 dB at the maximum.

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