The typical work-flow of the modern recording engineer often necessitates the use of a number of different monitoring systems over the course of a single project, including both loudspeaker-based systems and headphones. Anecdotal evidence exists that suggests different outcomes when using headphones, but there is little quantified, perceptually-based data to guide engineers in the differences to expect when working between monitoring systems. By conducting controlled, in situ measurements with recording engineers performing mixing tasks on both headphones and loudspeakers, the practical effects of both monitoring systems are shown.
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