Automatic Classification of Musical Audio Signals Employing Machine Learning Approach
This paper presents a thorough analysis of automatic classification applied to musical audio signals. The classification is based on a chosen set of machine learning algorithms. A database of 60 music composers/performers was prepared for the purpose of the described research. For each of the musicians, 15-20 music pieces were collected. All the pieces were partitioned into 20 segments and then parameterized. The feature vector consisted of 171 parameters, including MPEG-7 low-level descriptors and mel-frequency cepstral coefficients (MFCC) complemented with time-related dedicated parameters. The task of the classifier was to recognize the composer/performer and to properly categorize a selected piece of music. The paper also presents and discusses the results of classification.
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