Ensemble Hand-Clapping Experiments under the Influence of Delay and Various Acoustic Environments
With ensembles composed of musicians connected over large distances via the Internet, the issue of sound delay becomes very important. This study explores the effect of delay on tempo change, imprecision, leader–follower strategy, and quality. Eleven pairs of musically experienced subjects clapped a simple complementary rhythmic pattern together for about 15 seconds while the delay was varied from 6 to 68 ms. Acceptable delay thresholds were empirically determined.
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