Mixing engineers assign different sounds to different channels of stereo or multichannel media with the expectation that the listener will experience the intended directional aspects of the sound. For standard +/-30 degree arrangement of playback speakers and listener, this expectation is usually realized. As non-standard influences, such as listening off-centerline, are introduced, localization and other aspects of spatial rendition are degraded. This paper describes a measurement system for quantifying these degradations in common perceptual dimensions such as image direction, width, distance and stability.
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