Applications of ENF Analysis in Forensic Authentication of Digital Audio and Video Recordings
Small frequency variations in the electrical power network, which are the same through the area serviced by the network, can be used to assess the integrity of audio and video evidence. Small amounts of hum usually leak into a recording, and this provides a unique time signature. By archiving power line frequencies over many years, the time of a recording can be determined by comparing it to the information in the archive database. Similarly, discontinuities in hum frequency or multiple frequency components provide additional forensic evidence.
Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $20 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.