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Low-Power Implementation of a Subband Acoustic Echo Canceller for Portable Devices

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Portable audio communication devices require increasingly superior audio quality while using minimal power. Devices such as cell phones with speakerphone functionality can generate substantial acoustic echo due to the proximity of the microphone and speaker. To improve the audio quality in such devices, an oversampled subband acoustic echo canceller has been implemented on a miniature low-power dual-core DSP system. This application is comprised of three subband-based algorithms: a Pseudo-Affine Projection adaptive filter, an Ephraim-Malah-based single-microphone noise reduction algorithm and a novel non-linear residual echo suppressor. The system consumes less than 4 mW of power when configured with a 128 ms filter. Real-world tests indicate an echo return loss enhancement of greater than 30 dB for typical input levels.

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