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Energetic Sound Field Analysis of Stereo and Multichannel Loudspeaker Reproduction

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Energetic sound field analysis has been previously applied to encoding the spatial properties of multichannel signals. This paper contributes to the understanding of how stereo or multichannel loudspeaker signals transform into energetic sound field quantities. Expressions for the active intensity, energy density, and energetic diffuseness estimate are derived as a function of signal magnitudes, cross-correlations, and loudspeaker directions. It is shown that the active intensity vector can be expressed in terms of the Gerzon velocity and energy vectors, and its direction can be related to the tangent law of amplitude panning. Furthermore, several cases are identified where the energetic analysis data may not adequately represent the spatial properties of the original signals.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society