In previous publications the description of loudspeakers was introduced based on high-resolution data, comprising most importantly of complex directivity data for individual drivers as well as of crossover filters. In this work it is presented how this concept can be exploited to predict the directivity balloon of multi-way loudspeakers depending on the chosen crossover filters. Simple filter settings such as gain and delay and more complex IIR filters are utilized for loudspeaker measurements and simulations, results are compared and discussed. In addition advice is given how measurements should be made particularly regarding active and passive loudspeaker systems.
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