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Wow Detection and Compensation Employing Spectral Processing of Audio

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The engineered algorithms are presented for the detection of parasitic frequency modulation in audio originating from irregularities of sound carrier velocity. The algorithms were developed with special regard to non-periodic frequency modulation effects found in old movie sound tracks. The proposed algorithms consider the influence of the wow disturbance on the location of formants in time-frequency representation. The dynamic analysis of formant structures behavior underlies discriminating between parasitic frequency changes and natural frequency fluctuations. The compensation of the detected wow-related frequency modulation is accomplished basing on the non-uniform resampling algorithm, driven by the discerned parasite modulation patterns. The details of the proposed wow detection and compensation techniques are presented and achieved results are discussed.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society