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Equalization Methods with True Response using Discrete Filters

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Equalizers with fixed frequency filter bands, although successful, have historically had a combined frequency response that at best only roughly matches the band amplitude settings. This situation is explored in practical terms with regard to equalization methods, filter band interference, and desirable frequency resolution. Fixed band equalizers generally use second-order discrete filters. Equalizer band interference can be better understood by analyzing the complex frequency response of these filters and the characteristics of combining topologies. Response correction methods may avoid additional audio processing by adjusting the existing filter settings in order to optimize the response. A method is described which closely approximates a linear band interaction by varying bandwidth, in order to efficiently correct the response.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society