AES E-Library

AES E-Library

Loudness Balance of Speech and Music in Radio Broadcasts

Document Thumbnail

Objective and subjective comparative investigations of the loudness of speech and music in radio broadcasts have been carried out. Relationships between loudness and PPM and VU-meter readings have also been analyzed. Subjective investigations were performed in two ways, by direct listening to received radio programs and by listening to the tapes with recorded programs. Objective were performed using the loudness analyzer which simulates the behavior of the human ear, to the accuracy provided by E. Zwicker's method, and also the different listening conditions of a diffuse and frontal sound field. Possibilities for improving the loudness balance of speech and music in radio broadcasts are discussed and some guidelines proposed.

AES Convention: Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

AES - Audio Engineering Society