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On Levelling and Loudness Problems at Television and Radio Broadcast Studios

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The problem of partially extreme loudness differences in radio and television programs is well known for a long time. With respect to the introduction of new digital techniques combined with parallel transmission of digital and analogue signals the problem of loudness differences again is especially significant. Based upon relevant levelling recommendations and a newly developed loudness algorithm solutions avoiding loudness differences in radio and television are presented.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society