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Cinematographic Audio Equipment Development in Russia

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This paper discusses some issues pertaining to cinematographic sound engineering audio equipment development in Russia, particularly work being done at the Saint Petersburg State University of Cinema and Television. The domestic development of sound track recording and playing started in 1926 and was completed in two years. The first cinema featuring sound track equipment was opened in Leningrad in 1929. Later, many cinemas were equipped with sound equipment. This required special research devoted to the recording, throughout the country, of sound tracks (photographic) at film studios, design work, and industrial production of all requisite equipment (microphones, mixing panels, recorders, etc.), as well as sound playing systems installed at cinemas (sound units in projectors, electronic amplifiers, cinema high-power loudspeakers). Finally, many architectural acoustics issues had to be resolved to meet the required standards in cinema halls.

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