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Real-Time Implementation of Asymmetrical Frequency-Modulation Synthesis

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Asymmetrical frequency modulation (AFM) as proposed by Palamin et al. (1988) offers great flexibility in the shaping of the spectra of synthesized waveforms as compared to normal frequency-modulation (FM) synthesis. The feasibility of using AFM synthesis for the real-time generation of waveforms of musical instruments is demonstrated using a DSP56000 digital signal processor to implement the AFM algorithm.

JAES Volume 41 Issue 5 pp. 357-363; May 1993
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AES - Audio Engineering Society