Journal Forum

A Meta-Analysis of High Resolution Audio Perceptual Evaluation - June 2016

Synthetic Reverberator - January 1960

Sound Board: High-Resolution Audio - October 2015

Access Journal Forum

AES E-Library

Introduction to Head-Related Transfer Functions (HRTFs): Representations of HRTFs in Time, Frequency, and Space

Document Thumbnail

In this tutorial, head-related transfer functions (HRTFs) are introduced and treated with respect to their role in the synthesis of spatial sound over headphones. HRTFs are formally defined, and are shown to be important in reducing the ambiguity with which the classical duplex theory decodes a free-field sound's spatial location. Typical HRTF measurement strategies are described, and simple applications of HRTFs to headphone-based spatialized sound synthesis are given. By comparing and contrasting representations of HRTFs in the time, frequency, and spatial domains, different analytic and signal processing techniques used to investigate the structure of HRTFs are highlighted.

JAES Volume 49 Issue 4 pp. 231-249; April 2001
Publication Date:

Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!

This paper costs $33 for non-members and is temporarily free for AES members.

Learn more about the AES E-Library

E-Library Location:

Start a discussion about this paper!

Facebook   Twitter   LinkedIn   Google+   YouTube   RSS News Feeds  
AES - Audio Engineering Society