Nonlinear and thermal mechanisms in woofers, headphones, shakers, and other actuators produce signal distortion and limit the acoustic output at high amplitudes. Large signal parameters based on extended transducer modeling and measured by system identification techniques reveal the physical causes, allow an objective assessment of the performance, and give indications for practical improvements. Typical problems are discussed in a case study based on a set of drivers intended for woofer application.:
Click to purchase paper as a non-member or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $33 for non-members and is free for AES members and E-Library subscribers.