Real-Time Implementation of Double Frequency Modulation (DFM) Synthesis
A method of digital sound synthesis, double frequency modulation (DFM), is defined in terms of two modulating frequencies. Its spectral equation is derived and the harmonic spacing shown to be dependent on the ratio of the two frequencies. The real-time generation of musical sounds by DFM is demonstrated. DFM offers superior control of harmonic envelopes than simple FM, but with less computational load than asymmetrical frequency modulation (AFM).
Click to purchase paper or login as an AES member. If your company or school subscribes to the E-Library then switch to the institutional version. If you are not an AES member and would like to subscribe to the E-Library then Join the AES!
This paper costs $33 for non-members, $5 for AES members and is free for E-Library subscribers.