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Technologies for Three Dimensional Sound Presentation and Issues in Subjective Evaluation of the Spatial Image

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This paper reviews some of the current technology available for creating the illusion of 3 dimensional sound. Examples of systems designed for headphone and loudspeaker presentation are discussed. In addition, we address the topics of idealized pinnae functions, audition environment, reproduction media, image robustness, localization, and spaciousness.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society